Russia loses $600 billion on sanctions and low oil prices
The loss from financial sanctions constitutes some $170 billion, while the lost revenues from oil and gas are estimated to $400 billion, the Economic Expert Group calculates.
The economists estimate that a reduction in gross capital inflows will amount to about $ 280 billion over four years, including about $ 85 billion - direct investments. The reduction in foreign direct investment, reduced opportunities for loans, reduction of inflow of capital into the market of public debt, all increase the immediate effect of the sanctions, Vedomosti writes.
The Economic Expert Group (EEG) is an independent Russian company, that specializes in consulting services on economic and financial policy issues to government officials on federal and regional level. The Economic Expert Group was established in 1994 to render analytical support to the Department of Macroeconomic Policy of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation.
The experts stress the fact that the sanctions affect the flow of capital, regardless of the price of oil, but that the fall in oil prices increases their effect.
With high oil prices, capital net loss from sanctions for the period 2014-2017 would have amounted to approximately $ 160 billion, or 1.9% of GDP, at low prices the losses are somewhat larger – about $ 170 billion, or - 2.8% of GDP.
EEG estimates that sanctions without a drop in oil prices would reduce the investment in fixed assets by 3.2% in 2014-2017, while the decline in oil prices without sanctions would lead to a reduction in investments by 22.6%. Under the influence of the two shocks simultaneously investments will be lower by 24%.
The sanctions have virtually no effect on the real exchange rate of the ruble (0.5% decrease), but the fall in oil prices itself in combination with sanctions weakens the course with about 27%. The sanctions also have little effect on the real incomes of the budget system: the decline in oil prices reduces them by 19%, the sanctions - by 1%.
According to the economic experts, the accumulated loss of economic growth in Russia as a result of sanctions and low oil price will amount to 8.4% in four years, or an average of 2.1 percentage points per year, Vedomosti writes.