Rosatom to build small-scale land-based Arctic nuclear plant by 2028
By Levon Sevunts
Rosatom said it has reached an agreement with the government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) setting out parameters for pricing energy that will be produced by the nuclear plant, which is expected to be completed by 2028.
The nuclear plant, based on the RITM-200 reactor, will be able to produce up to 50 MW of power, for remote Arctic communities of Ust-Yansky ulus (district) of Yakutia, Rosatom officials said in a press release.
The nuclear plant is expected to result in two-fold reduction in the cost of electricity in the region, officials said.
The exploitation of the nuclear plant will also result in phasing out of coal-based and diesel-based energy sources and a corresponding yearly reduction of up to 10,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions in the region.
In the future, the plant can also be used for the production of hydrogen for green energy sources, the statement said.
“I am convinced that a small-scale nuclear power plant will give a qualitative impetus to the development of the Arctic regions of Yakutia, stimulate the development of industry in Ust-Yansky ulus and improve the living standards of local residents,” said in a statement Head of the Sakha Republic Aysen Nikolayev.
The nuclear plant is expected to operate for 60 years but the press release did not specify how Rosatom plans to deal with the nuclear waste produced by it.
Rosatom officials said the small-scale nuclear plant is based on a proven technology that has already been tested in Arctic conditions.
RITM-200 reactors are already being used on the recently commissioned Arktika nuclear-powered icebreaker and six other 22220 design heavy Russian icebreakers that are being built, Rosatom officials said.
“Today we are taking an important step in terms of building Russia’s first land-based small-scale nuclear-powered plant of new generation,” said in a statement Rosatom CEO Alexei Likhachev.
“The implementation of this project strengthens the leading position of Rosatom in the world market of small nuclear power plants.”
In 2019, Rosatom launched the world’s first floating nuclear plant Akademik Lomonosov and towed it to the town of Pevek, on Russia’s Arctic coast in Chukotka.
Rosatom and Yakutia signed a letter of intent on the construction of a low-power nuclear power plant in September 2019.
Rosatom plans to build another small-scale nuclear plant to power the operations of the Suroyamskoe iron ore mine in the Chelyabinsk region of central Russia.
Rosatom is also actively marketing the technology for export overseas, Likhachev said.
This story is posted on Independent Barents Observer as part of Eye on the Arctic, a collaborative partnership between public and private circumpolar media organizations.