Nuclear-powered battle cruiser "Pyotr Velikiy". Archive photo: Mil.ru

Russia claims to have demonstrated complex exercise outside Norway

The Northern Fleet’s press service says the largest missile cruisers, long-range bombers, anti-submarine aircraft, helicopters and fighter jets took part in an exercise in the Norwegian Sea.
April 11, 2019

The Northern Fleet describes it as “strike forces”, the naval group that formed out from the Barents Sea and sailed south into the Norwegian Sea.

Kristian Åtland with the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment. Photo: FFI

“I can’t remember having heard of a similar or equally complex Russian exercise in this part of the Norwegian Sea,” says Kristian Åtland, Senior Research Fellow with the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) to the Barents Observer.

Åtland previously said the announced drill could be intented to send a signal to NATO that Russia is capable of expanding its bastion defence beyond the Barents Sea, conducting sea denial operations in the maritime spaces of northwestern Europe, all the way to the Greenland-Iceland-UK (GIUK) gap.

Additional to the two warships, the “Pyotr Velikiy” nuclear-powered battle cruiser and the missile cruiser “Marshal Ustinov” a wide range of aircraft participated according to the information sent out by the Northern Fleet. The planes came from air bases on the Kola Peninsula.

At 5 am Norwegian time Thursday morning NATO scrambled F-16s from Bodø Air Base in Northern Norway for identifying Russian planes outside Norwegian air space. 

“We scrambled F-16s two times this morning and we see the Russian planes in connection with the activity in the area,” says press spokesman Sigurd Tonning-Olsen with the operational headquarters of the Norwegian Armed Forces.

The second scrambling of F-16s was at 9 am. 

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Russia’s exercise area was announced up front with warnings to shipping and aviation valid from April 11th to 14th during daylight hours.

Tonning-Olsen says no live shootings have been observed in the area.

Commenting on the announced Russian drill earlier this week, spokesman for the Norwegian Armed Forces, Lt. Col. Ivar Moen, said to the Barents Observer: “They have their full right to do so as this is international waters and airspace.”

Russia’s Northern Fleet tells in the press release that the first part of the exercise was conducted in the Barents Sea. “At the appointed time, a group of different strike forces of the Northern Fleet made the transition to the southern regions of the Norwegian Sea,” the press service in Severmorsk writes.

During the transition, the forces conducted a training exercise hunting for submarines, organized air defence for the warships and made search- and rescue support.

During the war game, the missile cruisers fought back air attack from enemy forces.

Combat calculations for shootings took place in the area announced, at air targets with air defense missile artillery and the AK-130 and AK-630 artillery onboard “Pyotr Velikiy” and with artillery systems onboard “Marshal Ustinov”, the Northern Fleet elaborates.

Anti-submarine Tu-142 planes from the Kola Peninsula joined in and a pair of Tu-22M long-range supersonic bombers from Olenegorsk Air Base south of Murmansk flew to the exercise area. The bombers were excorted by MiG-31BM fighters all the way around from the Kola Peninsula to the Norwegian Sea northwest of Lofoten Islands.

Due to the long distance, refueling took place mid-air supported by Il-78 tanker aircraft.

At the end of the exercise, onboard Ka-27 helicopters from “Pyotr Velikiy” conducted rescue operation for assets in distress at sea.

Commander of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, is quoted saying “the group of the different shock forces of the Northern Fleet successfully completed all the tasks and confirmed the ability to act confidently and professionally in operational areas of the World Oceans.”

 

Russia’s Bastion defense concept. Courtesy of the Norwegian Ministry of Defence.

 

Russia’s military show-off outside Northern Norway comes only two days after Prime Minister Erna Solberg met President Vladimir Putin in St. Petersburg talking Arctic cooperation.

The area northwest of Lofoten Islands was approximately as far north as US Navy aircraft carrier “Harry S. Truman” sailed last October in the final days before NATO’s large scale exercise Trident Juncture kicked off further south in Norway. 

 

The amphibious assault ship “Iwo Jima” and the amphibious transport dock “New York” at port in Reykjavik ahead of exercise Trident Juncture in 2018. Photo: Thomas Nilsen

NOTE: A previous version of this article said the drill included live-fire. That is not correct. The involved forces performed combat calculations for a variety of weapons, but did not shoot with real ammunition.

 

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