Polar bear on thin ice. Photo: Thomas Nilsen

Arctic in trouble: Sea ice bottoms as carbon emissions peak

It is December and European Arctic waters are free of ice way north of Svalbard and Novaya Zemlya.
декабря 09, 2018

Norwegian Ice Service, run by the Meteorological Institute, has several times the last week tweeted sad news in their daily updates: “This is the lowest area for this day of the year in our records dating back to 1967.”

Less than half of average 

On December 6, the Ice Service could tell that the ice chart showed a cover of 163,280 sq km. That is 185,305 sq. km. below the 1981-2010 average for the Arctic. The service provides ice-charts covering waters from Greenland in the west to the northern Kara Sea in the east.

There are no sea ice at all around Svalbard archipelago.

Also, the entire west coast of Russia’s Novaya Zemlya is ice free. So is the southern part of the Kara Sea and the White Sea. Some close drift ice are found in the northern bays of the eastern Barents Sea and to a larger extent south and east of Frans Josef Land.

Sea ice on December 7th, 2018. Map: Norwegian Ice Service / MET Norway

No strange the ice comes later this winter: The Arctic is heating up more than twice the rest of the globe and the northern Barents Sea is becoming much warmer. Also, the thinner ice from last winter, the more melts in summer, resulting in later freeze the following winter.

The Arctic ecosystem is in deep warm trouble.

CO2 emissions up 

While northerners are eye witnessing a dramatic change in climate, scientists and politicians from around the world are gathering in Katowice, Poland for COP24 discussing the follow up of the Paris Climate Agreement. Or, more correctly: the lack of follow up since the 2015 Paris talks.

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Opening the COP24 this week, UN Secretary General António Guterres said “We are in trouble. We are in deep trouble with climate change.”

“It is hard to overstate the urgency of our situation,” Guterres continued.

Along with the Katowice meeting scientists presented more bad news: Emissions of carbon dioxide actually increased last year and reached the highest levels on industrial records. CO2 emissions was up 1,6 percent in 2017 and are predicted to rise 2,7 percent in 2018.

Coal power plant in Barnentsburg on Svalbard with the Grønfjord glacier. Photo: Thomas Nilsen

 

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